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Minimalism in the interior

Minimalism in the interior

For many, minimalism is when there are few objects in the interior, a kind of emptiness, asceticism, but in fact, minimalism in interior design is when there are enough elements. At the same time, minimalism is comfort, functionalism and beauty. To understand what this direction is, you need to delve into the details. The starting point for the emergence of minimalism was the second half of the twentieth century. After the then popular Art Nouveau became associated with the horrors of the Second World War and its consequences among the population, a new fresh, simple and reliable style was needed.


This is exactly what minimalism has become. He absorbed the notes of the Japanese style, which penetrated the culture of the West just during the war period. And also borrowed details from constructivism. The main differences between these two currents are the geometry and the relationship between the appearance of the building and its functions. The Dutch artists from the society with the consonant name "Style" made their contribution to the formation of minimalism as a style.


One of the main figures in the history of design and architecture is the German Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who worked with the motto "less is better".

Natural materials are the basis of minimalism. It could be a stone leather, wood, linen and more. Very often the materials do not even pass processing, remaining with its primitive rough texture. Metal is adds modernity to the style. As you know, in minimalism it is not forbidden to combine natural materials and artificial. It is only important to find a balance between them and support it. For the decoration of basic coatings: ceilings, walls and floors are subject to the same rules as with natural materials, harmony and monotony. Don't overload the ceiling with complicated ones designs. The walls must be left with a natural covering and relief. The floor is usually covered with laminate, parquet or tiles.


If you follow all the rules of minimalism, then the furniture should occupy about 20% of the total space. The rules are still the same geometry, functionality and naturalness of materials. For save space use furniture transformer. For the same reason use embedded appliances. Storage systems are hidden, but in plain sight leave only those things that reflect the individuality of a person, who lives in this environment.


It has already been noted that minimalism borrowed a lot from Japanese style. This is what explains their similar color scheme. Primary colors are white, light gray, beige and brown, that is, basic, natural colors that don't take too much attention. Designers most often choose white and dilute it with one or two contrasting ones.

Large windows are an important part of minimalism. With their help you can create the illusion of free space, add natural light. Windows are usually not shaded, but blinds are allowed horizontal or vertical. Artificial light sources must be hidden.




Minimalism shouldn't have unnecessary decor. Can't be forced space with figurines, pillows or other knickknacks. If I want to dilute the calm interior, I am allowed to add a couple of paintings.


Textiles are inappropriate in minimalism. An exception would be the bedroom where for comfort, you can lay out several bedspreads on the bed and a carpet of light shades to the floor. A possible option remains plain blinds on windows. Since minimalism came to Europe from Japan, it retained eastern philosophy. Free space, simple materials, calm colors are also practical. Japan is a country with frequent earthquakes and floods, which often destroyed houses. That is why the population tried to create their own dwellings using materials and interiors that are easy to replace and recreate. But large windows and the absence of curtains on them is an influence scandinavian style. Harsh climate and lack of sunlight forced the inhabitants of the north to make huge windows, use light shades. In this version of minimalism, it will not be superfluous to use blankets and pillows.


One of the brightest manifestations of the new minimalism in 1970 was high tech. Great Britain became the ancestor of this offshoot. On functionality, advanced technology and necessarily modern materials.

Minimalism in our time is an island of tranquility and freedom, which at the fast pace of life, oversaturated with events, becomes salvation.