Architecture - an effective assistant in acquiring peace of mind
In this article, we will examine in detail how architecture should look in order not to cause a person's mental disorders.
Neuroscientists and psychologists believe that architecture should give a sense of complete security, create enough light, and not lead to boredom.
Contemplation - the first impression of architecture
Everyone feels great in those buildings where you can reflect well. Most often, such architectural objects are directly related to religion. Some varieties of architecture, no doubt, have a pacifying effect on a person. This fact was proved by studies conducted by American scientists. Empirically, people were shown photographs of various architectural structures and at that moment they did an MRI to measure brain activity. In the course of such an interesting study, it was found that when viewing photos of churches, libraries and museums, people felt relaxed and calm. After that, scientists called this architecture "contemplative."
Almost all buildings of this kind contain elements of religiosity. Julio Bermudez (professor) argues that people notice not only buildings, but also use them for other purposes, of course, good.
The study involved such unsurpassed objects as the Pantheon, Chartres Cathedral, the Alhambra Palace and secular buildings - Salk Institute (designed by Kahn), "House over the waterfall."
It is noteworthy that the above rule worked with the Salk Institute. This is due to the fact that Kahn did not know the difference between monks and scholars, so he wanted to make a structure that would remotely look like a monastery. At about the level where the 5th floor is located, he designed chic galleries with grandiose columns. Such were in the monastery courtyards. On an elevated atmosphere flaunts a channel turned to the western part. This channel divides all the enclosures. A chic horizon and sunset are set out of the building.
A dispassionate, non-standout and boring architecture directly harms human health. This is justified by the fact that under its influence a person releases much more hormones responsible for stress. Of course, the structure must necessarily look pretentious. However, the building should not be monophonic and monotonous. Stamped and boring architecture can lead to emotional harm. Neuroscientist Colin Ellard of the University of Waterloo has managed to prove this theory. So, at Houston Street, he led the test subjects. After small shops and restaurants, people went into a large supermarket just built. The neuroscientist investigated the feelings experienced by a person leaving a small restaurant in a deserted room. The emotional state of people who became participants in the study was recorded by special sensors.
At that moment, when people passed a huge building, they were bored and not comfortable. In their brain, processes related to inhibition took place. In the survey process, these people primarily used the words "impassive" and "monotonous". Passing a rather busy street with many bars, restaurants and shops, people experienced joy and excitement. In the survey, they could characterize such a street as “lively”, “sociable”, “involving”. In the landscape, according to Ellard, there must always be changes. Simply put, one thing is immediately replaced by another. It is then for a person that this will not be boring and will arouse his interest.
Unfortunately, even the smallest moments of boredom can turn into tremendous stress. They significantly increase heartbeat and increase the level of stress hormone in the body. Ellard claimed it was unhealthy. This is reflected in the everyday life of a person who works every day in the same monotonous conditions.
The amazing Norman Foster skyscraper, which has 40 floors, is a prime example of fascinating architecture. The construction has a multifaceted facade, consisting of unusual sections. The building is made in Art Deco. That is why it is distinguished by its contrast, attractiveness and splendor.
The well-known phrase that appearance is deceptive has every reason. The structure may have a nondescript appearance, but people will stand in line to live in it. A striking example is the Barbican neighborhood, which is located in London. Here architecture gives people security and confidence. Although, architecture itself, at first glance, is completely unsightly.
The director of the Center for Urban Design and Mental Health in Britain, Laya McKay, the following factors influence the well-being of people in the city:
Zones for society that allow people to actively spend time.
Work and living spaces in various spaces.
All these factors give a person protection from the outside world and a sense of security.