5 rules of modern organic architecture

5 rules of modern organic architecture

The main idea of ​​organic architecture is the existence of man and the world around him in harmony.

Organic architecture begins its history in 1890, when the architectural community needed a style opposite to functionalism. Louis Sullivan was the first to talk about this, but the popularity of organic architecture was brought by his supporter Frank Lloyd Wright in 1920-50. Then its main provisions were established.

For such a long existence of the style, organic architecture has changed and gave rise to many of its varieties (for example, bionic or ecological architecture).

Now this style is again returning to the lists of the most popular styles of architecture. This is due to the desire of a modern person to surround himself with nature and to feel the unity with the environment. Many architects take the eco-friendly trend as a basis and create a place where people can take a break from the gray environment of the city.

Here are five basic rules of organic architecture.

1. Connect architecture with the surrounding landscape

The main rule is that organic architecture must fully comply with the environment. The choice of the form and materials used to construct buildings in this style should be based on an understanding of the climate, the nature of the place where the building will be erected. The style does not provide for the “separation” of the building from the general landscape - architects resort to biomorphism (imitate natural forms) or integrate the building into the surrounding nature.

"House above the Falls" designed by the American architect F.L. Wright and erected between 1936 and 1939, it is an example of ideal organic architecture.

The High Desert House, USA

The building is located in the USA, California desert. The idea for its creation belongs to the artists Jay and Bev Doolittle. The architect who recreated the idea is American Kendrick Bangs Kellogg. He is now considered one of the pioneers of organic architecture as a style. Thanks to the teamwork of these talented people, The High Desert House has been named the most striking example of biomorphism.

House by the cliff, Norway

Norwegian architects from Lund Hagem built the building right into the rock. Thus, it plays the role of the fourth wall. The project is interesting for its execution, because the architects perfectly used the surrounding landscapes in their architecture, and created an incredible ensemble of artificial and natural.

2. Use natural materials in architecture

In the beginning, organic architecture envisioned construction in which only one material was used. Usually, preference was given to stone or wood. With the development, this rule has changed and now in the works of architects you can see different combinations of organic and raw materials, various designs.

Dayang Sanghoi, South Korea

In the mountainous region of Pyeongchang, which is located in a rather bustling Seoul, the TUNEplanning studio has located the building. You can hide in it from annoying extraneous sounds. On the territory of the building there is everything that is necessary for the existence of a modern person.

The architects used only two organic materials in the construction: stone and pine. The project was thought out in such a way that it seems as if nature itself created this space and even arranged the furniture.

3. Use natural light

As you know, light is one of the main details in architecture. Using light, you can create accents and hide imperfections. F.L. Wright was the first to use various types of glazing, including wall-to-ceiling windows. In his day, it seemed like a bold decision.

In organic architecture, glass is used not only for windows, but also for dividing a room into zones. This helps create a sense of lack of boundaries and community of space, which is very important for this style.

The paradise-like house, China

The person who owns the house is a big fan of nature, because all his childhood he was surrounded by it. That is why the designer Xu Fu-Ming has designed a unique house that connects man and nature. To achieve this, he was helped by wall-to-wall windows overlooking the beautiful garden.

Hidden Pavilion, Spain

The name Hidden Pavilion fits this house one hundred percent, because it is safely hidden in the Spanish forests. Inside the residence, almost all surfaces are made of glass, or reflective - this technique helps daylight to penetrate into the entire room.

4. Blur the boundaries between nature and interior design

Another important characteristic of organic architecture is the harmonious combination of external and internal space. This is achieved by glazing all possible areas.

Architects working in this style strive for the flow of the interior into the landscape to be smooth and not look artificial. To do this, they use the surrounding nature in the interior, trying to convey the mood of the landscape as accurately as possible.

Valentinerhof Hotel, Italy

Using panoramic glazing, studio noa * has created a space where there are practically no boundaries that can be seen with the naked eye. The hotel's swimming pool stretches endlessly in the Alpine landscape.

The Sirdalen House, Norway

Filter Arkitekter faced problems during the construction of the house due to the Norwegian climate. The architects were able to solve them using the flow of space - the landscape continues inside the room and a sense of community of the whole concept is created.

5. Use living nature in the interior

To create a feeling of unity with nature, the architects green the space as much as possible. The main thing in this technique is that the plants in the interior match the plants of the area where the building is located.

MM House, Mexico

Nicolas Schuybroek Architects and Mark Merckx did a great job with the plants. Designers designed a minimalist interior and richly decorated it with native plants.

Magic Breeze, India

An interesting solution for landscaping ordinary skyscrapers was proposed by the architects of Penda. According to the project, each apartment in all skyscrapers will have its own garden.